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Medvedev Says Putin Should Be His Prime Minister

Russian President Vladimir Putin (right) has endorsed First Deputy Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev as the country's next president.
Yuri Kadobnov / AFP/Getty Images
AFP/Getty Images
Russian President Vladimir Putin (right) has endorsed First Deputy Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev as the country's next president.

The man anointed by Russian President Vladimir Putin to be his successor said Tuesday that if elected, he will appoint Putin to be his prime minister. That would give Putin a way to hold on to power after he leaves the presidency next year, but some analysts say it's unclear if that is Putin's plan.

Putin ended years of speculation on Monday when he endorsed Dmitry Medvedev, a loyal top Cabinet official, as his favored candidate for the presidency. On Tuesday, Medvedev appeared on television sounding severe, much like Putin himself, and said he would appoint Putin prime minister after he steps down as president.

"Vladimir Putin's policies saved Russia from civil war and made the country respected in the world," Medvedev said. "To stay on Putin's course, it's not enough to elect a new president who shares his ideology. It's no less important to keep Putin in a top executive post in government."

Putin has yet to say whether he would accept the offer. But last October, he said he would consider becoming prime minister if his United Russia Party were to win a majority in the elections that took place a week ago. The party won by a landslide in voting that independent observers said was rigged.

Putin had said United Russia's victory would give him the "moral right" to continue influencing Russian politics.

"Victory comes not to the strong, but to those who speak the truth," Putin said. A United Russia victory, he went on, would signify the public trusts him.

Putin's sky-high popularity and tight grip on power means his endorsement of Medvedev virtually ensures he will win the election next March.

Analyst Olga Kryshtanovskaya says Medvedev has a reputation as a weak, dependent figure. She predicts that means Putin, who is barred from running for a third consecutive term, will try to hold on to power by controlling Medvedev.

"There may be a period of uncertainty, but Medvedev won't have time to consolidate power," Kryshtanovskaya said. "He'll soon step down, there will be early elections, and Putin will be able to return as president for another two terms."

Others are less certain. The prime minister currently plays a humble role fully subservient to the president. Yuri Korgunyuk of the Indem political research group says it's far too early to say what Putin will do.

"However loyal Medvedev may be now, once president, everything would change because he'd have a tremendous amount of power in his hands," Korgunyuk said. "If Putin becomes prime minister, there will be two centers of power and probably a serious battle for control."

The president can fire the prime minister, and Korgunyuk says Medvedev, as president, would win any conflict with a far weaker Prime Minister Putin. One way around that would be to boost the prime minister's power by changing the constitution, something the United Russia Party's majority would enable the government to do.

Whatever Putin's plans, analysts agree that by linking himself even more firmly to the wildly popular Putin, Medvedev will increase his own popularity, even as Putin keeps his future options open.

Copyright 2023 NPR. To see more, visit https://www.npr.org.

Gregory Feifer
Gregory Feifer reports for NPR from Moscow, covering Russia's resurgence under President Vladimir Putin and the country's transition to the post-Putin era. He files from other former Soviet republics and across Russia, where he's observed the effects of the country's vast new oil wealth on an increasingly nationalistic society as well as Moscow's rekindling of a new Cold War-style opposition to the West.