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Racing to the finish line? Michigan's horse racing industry is looking for help

Michigan’s horse racing industry is trying once again to convince state lawmakers to make a change that would generate more gambling revenue at the state’s four remaining race tracks.

But getting people in the industry to agree on the solution to save their dwindling sport may be a bigger hurdle to overcome.

Late last month, several hundred people turned out on a crisp, but sunny afternoon at Mt. Pleasant Meadows. As the announcer called the races from his perch above the grandstand, the crowd below rose to its feet and cheered, or tore up their tickets, as the horses pounded down the home stretch to the finish line.

Mt. Pleasant Meadows is no Churchill Downs. The track, a few minutes north of downtown Mt. Pleasant, has few amenities.

But it’s the last place to see live thoroughbreds racing in Michigan.  Michigan’s three other race tracks (Hazel Park, Sports Creek and Northville Downs) feature standard bred races with horses pulling jockeys riding in sulkies or carts. 

Shane Spiess is a third generation Michigan horseman. On this day at Mt. Pleasant Meadows, he had four horses running. But most days, Spiess is running his stable of horses on tracks in Indiana, Ohio and Illinois, where the money is much better. 

“The only reason I’m really here in Michigan is ‘cause I was here when it was good,” says Spiess, “and I’m hoping it will come back a little bit better. But I’m fortunate my horses run good out of state. They kind of band aid me here.”

But that band aid may not be enough for Spiess much longer.

“It looks like if nothing changes it will force me out of Michigan. And it’s coming soon,” says Spiess.

Michigan used to have a strong horse racing industry. 

Back in 1933, 20,000 people packed the grandstand at the old Detroit fair grounds to bet on the first legal parimutuel race in Michigan. In the early 1970’s track attendance reached about four million a year at Michigan’s tracks.

But those days are long gone. 

Today, track attendance is well down, as is the amount of money being wagered.    

“As much as it pains me to say it, it’s probably the lowest level of racing you can get in the Midwest before you start going to the country fair circuit,” says Joe Nevills, a Michigan native and a staff writer for the Daily Racing Form.

Nevills says tracks in other states are tapping into revenue from casino gaming to offer bigger purses and other incentives, something Michigan’s tracks aren’t able to do. He says that means most owners race their best horses out of state.

“Yeah, you know, they are following the money,” says Nevills, “It stinks for Michigan racing but you gotta do what you gotta do to make money in the business.”

Industry observers agree: Michigan horse racing needs an infusion of cash. 

But a 2004 state constitutional amendment requires a statewide vote on any new gaming. That’s become a major hurdle to overcome for ideas like combining tracks and casinos.

Getting something done may ultimately depend on getting Michigan’s fractious horse racing industry to agree on a solution.  

Former state horse racing commissioner Bill Ballenger says historically it’s been difficult getting Michigan’s track owners, thoroughbred and standard bred horse associations to agree on anything.

“If there’s anything a politician, particularly those in the state Capitol, the Legislature and the governor dislike, it’s wrangling by a special interest that can’t even agree itself on what it really wants,” says Ballenger, who edits the newsletter Inside Michigan Politics.

State Rep. Kevin Daley (R-Lapeer) has been working on legislation to help Michigan’s horse racing industry, which seems odd, when you hear him say he doesn’t really like horses or gambling.

Daley, who is a farmer, says he’s trying to benefit the state’s wider agricultural industry. 

A couple ideas that have been discussed include letting peoplebet using their smart phones and betting on old horse races on video terminals at the tracks. 

But he says there’s only a short time to reach a deal on a new horse racing bill.

“We’re going into a lame duck year here,” says Daley, adding that with an election year looming in 2014, “It’s going to be tough to get things done here when you get much into next year very far.”

While the wrangling goes on, Michigan’s horse racing industry edges closer to oblivion.   

Horseman Shane Spiess expects he will be the last of his family to race horses in Michigan. But Spiess says he and other old horsemen and women will try to hang on a little longer.

“The group of people who’ve stayed are fighters and it think we’ll fight it out to the bitter end,” says Spiess, “Win or lose we’re going to be here to 'til the bitter end.”  

Steve Carmody has been a reporter for Michigan Public since 2005. Steve previously worked at public radio and television stations in Florida, Oklahoma and Kentucky, and also has extensive experience in commercial broadcasting.
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