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In July 1967, five days of chaos erupted in Detroit. Citizens, police, and troops clashed in a violent conflict that left 43 people dead, thousands of buildings destroyed, and a lingering scar on the once-vibrant city. It was a pivotal moment for Detroit, and for the country.Today, many believe Detroit is having a renaissance. And there have been plenty of visible improvements in recent years.But for many Detroiters, little has changed for the better in the past half-century. Poverty is even more entrenched. There are few good jobs and even fewer good schools. Blight and foreclosure have erased entire neighborhoods.If we want to understand today’s Detroit, we have to consider the city’s turbulent past. That’s why Michigan Radio is revisiting the events of that hot summer in 1967.From July 17-28, Stateside and Morning Edition will hear from people who were there; explore the issues that led to the deadliest riot of the 1960s; and examine why it still resonates in the city today.

After 50 years, historic legacy of Detroit uprising is celebrated, contested

The historic marker in Gordon Park at 12th St. and Clairmount.
Sarah Cwiek
Michigan Radio
The historic marker in Gordon Park at 12th St. and Clairmount.

Fifty years ago this week, Detroit exploded in violent unrest that still marks the city to this day.

Now, the place where it all began is also marked as an official state historic site.

On July 23, 1967, a police raid on an illegal after-hours bar at Twelfth and Clairmount streets sparked five days of catastrophic looting, arson, and violence that left 43 dead.

That nightlife spot and most other commercial buildings on this once-thriving strip are now gone.

But the state historic marker simply titled “Detroit July 1967” now stands in Gordon Park at 12th and Clairmount.

Dignitaries including Detroit Mayor Duggan and Congressman John Conyers joined community members at an unveiling Sunday afternoon.

It was part of three days of events in the area commemorating the 50th anniversary of the unrest, which combined somber remembrance with a sense that the neighborhood is finally on the brink of renewal.

“We all know what happened 50 years ago,” said community activist Lamont Causey, whose family has 70-year roots in the neighborhood. He said too many longtime residents, including two uncles arrested during the riots, didn’t live to share their stories on this anniversary.

“So I’m here to tell it for them,” Causey said. “I will carry this message for however long it takes to make sure that this community can be what it once was. And I’m quite sure it will be.”

The state historic designation grew out of the Detroit Historical Society’s Detroit 67 Project, a years-long effort to build community relationships around the lasting impacts of the unrest.

Detroit 67 Project director Marlowe Stoudamire said the goal is not to “move past what happened, but move the conversation forward,” and take a fresh look at the many unresolved issues behind the 1967 uprising.

“This is about America,” Stoudamire said. “It’s not just Detroit. We represent what challenges we face as a nation.”

The historic marker gives a brief summary of the riot’s lasting damage, including 43 deaths.

It also quotes from the historic 1968 Kerner Commission report. It concluded that Detroit’s unrest, like other disturbances that swept cities that summer, were spontaneous in nature. But they were also expressions of “frustrations of powerlessness” in response to poverty, racism, unemployment, and police mistreatment of African Americans.

Elements of that frustration remain. Mayor Mike Duggan’s speech was interrupted by a small group of hecklers angry about policies that have led to mass foreclosures and water shutoffs. While most in Sunday’s crowd cheered on Duggan, there are underlying anxieties about how Detroit’s spotty revival will treat its most vulnerable residents.

Credit Sarah Cwiek / Michigan Radio
Michigan Radio
Cast members from the upcoming move "Detroit," based on an incident that took place during the July 1967 unrest, pose with a Detroit police officer in Gordon Park.

But many longtime residents say there’s a sense of tentative optimism they haven’t felt for a half-century. And with heightened global interest in Detroit’s unfolding story, there’s wider interest in examining the legacy of July 1967.

Cast members from the upcoming movie Detroit also made an appearance at Gordon Park Sunday. The film depicts one of the riot’s most disturbing episodes: how Detroit police terrorized a group of young people at the Algiers Motel, resulting in the deaths of three black teens. It premieres at Detroit’s Fox Theater this week, before nationwide release August 4th.

British actor John Boyega, the film’s star, told the gathering at Gordon Park that Detroit is “not forgotten, and you are not despised.”

“I just want to say a big thank you for giving us the opportunity to tell your story,” Boyega said. “We think it’s important to tell, we think it’s important for you to be heard. We also think it’s important for your perspective to be understood.”

Sarah Cwiek joined Michigan Public in October 2009. As our Detroit reporter, she is helping us expand our coverage of the economy, politics, and culture in and around the city of Detroit.
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